What is the role of India in World Affairs?

The Republic of India, the second-most populous country and one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, is considered as a major power and a potential superpower. It is India’s growing international influence that gives it a prominent voice in global affairs.

India has a long history of collaboration with several countries and is considered a leader of the developing world. India was one of the founding members of the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement and is an active member of several international organisations, most notably the WTO, ADB, SAARC, G8+5, East Asian Summit, and G20.

During the Cold War, India adopted a foreign policy of not aligning itself wich any major power bloc. However, India developed close ties with the Soviet Union and received extensive military support from the USSR. The end of the Cold War significantly affected Indian foreign policy, as it did for much of the world. The country now seeks to strengthen its diplomatic and economic ties with the United States, the People’s Republic of China, European Union, Japan, Israel, Latin America, and Association of Southeast Asian Nations. India also has ties with the African Union, the Commonwealth states and the Arab World. India continues to have a strong military relationship with Russia.

India has actively participated in several UN peacekeeping minions. India is among the largest troop contributors to the UN and currently seeking a permanent seat in the UN Security Council.

India’s growing economy, strategic location, friendly foreign policy and large and vibrant diaspora has won it more allies than enemies. India has friendly relations with several countries in the developing world. Though India is not a part of any major military alliance, it has a close strategic and military relationship with most of the major powers.

Countries considered India’s closest allies include the Russian Federation, Israel, Bhutan, Nepal, and Tajikistan. After the collapse of the Soviet Union and economic liberalisation in 1992, India has fostered a close relationship with the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Japan. India’s military and economic collaboration with the United States, Japan, and Israel have grown significantly in the past few years. India has also forged relationships with developing countries, especially South Africa, Brazil, Mexico, and the Republic of China. India, along with Mexico, Brazil, and South Africa, often represents the interests of the developing countries through economic forums such as the G8+5, IBSA, G4, and WTO. India’s decade-old ‘Look East’ policy has helped it to develop a greater economic and strategic partnership with South-East Asian countries, South Korea, China, Japan, and Taiwan. India also enjoys friendly relations with Persian Gulf countries and the African Union.